As urbanisation increases in sub-Saharan Africa, dietary changes consonant with the nutrition transition are likely to occur. These may have implications for both health and environmental sustainability. Some authors have suggested that younger women, particularly low-income women in sub-Saharan Africa, are more vulnerable to dietary changes compared with men of a similar age.
To explore the dietary practices among rural and urban women of reproductive age in Uganda; the social, cultural and physical influences behind them and the implications thereof for environmental sustainability in order to propose an acceptable, affordable, healthy and environmentally sustainable diet adaptable to the Ugandan context.
To explore dietary practices and the healthiness and environmental sustainability of these dietary practices, principal component analysis of secondary data from the 2008 Uganda Food Consumption Survey will be used. This will be coupled with primary data collected via qualitative 24-hour recall interviews and Photovoice interviews among rural and urban Uganda women (n=54) of reproductive age. To explore the influences behind the dietary practices of Ugandan women of reproductive age, Photovoice will be used. Lastly, to propose an acceptable, affordable healthy and an environmentally sustainable Ugandan diet, OptiFood a software programme that uses mathematical modelling, will be used.
It is anticipated that this research will shed light on dietary practices of Ugandan women and the influences behind them, and so encourage discourse among public health practitioners and policy makers towards more healthy and environmentally sustainable dietary patterns.
A copy of Carolyn's poster for the Grantham Symposium can be seen here: